Usability of small crisis data sets in the absence of big data

Paul, Avijit & Bruns, Axel (2013) Usability of small crisis data sets in the absence of big data. In Ariwa, Ezendu, Zhao, Wenbing, & Gandhi, Meenakshi (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Information, Business and Education Technology, Atlantis Press, Beijing, China, pp. 718-721.

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Abstract

Big data is big news in almost every sector including crisis communication. However, not everyone has access to big data and even if we have access to big data, we often do not have necessary tools to analyze and cross reference such a large data set. Therefore this paper looks at patterns in small data sets that we have ability to collect with our current tools to understand if we can find actionable information from what we already have. We have analyzed 164390 tweets collected during 2011 earthquake to find out what type of location specific information people mention in their tweet and when do they talk about that. Based on our analysis we find that even a small data set that has far less data than a big data set can be useful to find priority disaster specific areas quickly.

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ID Code: 58830
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Crisis Communication, Big Data, Twitter, Location
DOI: 10.2991/icibet.2013.248
ISBN: 978-90-78677-57-4
ISSN: 1951-6851
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100) > Pattern Recognition and Data Mining (080109)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LANGUAGES COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE (200000) > COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES (200100)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation
Current > Research Centres > Centre for Emergency & Disaster Management
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Past > Institutes > Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Media, Entertainment & Creative Arts
Funding:
Copyright Owner: © 2013. The authors - Published by Atlantis Press
Copyright Statement: Atlantis Press. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Deposited On: 02 Apr 2013 07:05
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2015 02:27

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