Social adjustment and symptomatology in two types of homeless adolescents : runaways and throwaways

Hier, Sally J., Korboot, Paula J., & Schweitzer, Robert D. (1990) Social adjustment and symptomatology in two types of homeless adolescents : runaways and throwaways. Adolescence, 25(100), pp. 761-771.

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Previous research on homeless adolescents has largely ignored the distinction between those who have left home on their volition (runaways) and those who have been forced to leave (throwaways). Fifty-two homeless adolescents in Brisbane, Australia, were assessed to compare male and female runaways and throwaways for social adjustment and symptomatology. Differences for social adjustment (antisocial tendencies and aggression) and symptomatology (social isolation and depression) were predicted.

Results indicated that male runaways were significantly more hostile than male throwaways (p < 0,001), and significantly more socially isolated than female runaways (p < 0,025). Female throwaways, however, were significantly more hostile than male throwaways (p < 0,025) and female runaways (p < 0,025). Yet homeless males overall had a significantly stronger urge to act out hostility than homeless females (p < 0,025). In addition, female throwaways were significantly more antisocial than male throwaways (p < 0,001). There were no significant differences for depression. A theory of inner social control (Hirschi, 1969), postulating absence of bonding in earlier socialization, was supported.

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22 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 58908
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: adolescents, homeless, symptomatology, psychopathology, runaways, Australia, social adjustment
ISSN: 0001-8449
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Deposited On: 03 Apr 2013 22:32
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2013 22:32

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