Assessing the overuse of antibiotics in children with URTIs in Saudi Arabia : development of the parental perception on antibiotics scale (PAPA scale)

Alumran, Arwa, Hou, Xiang-Yu, & Hurst, Cameron P. (2013) Assessing the overuse of antibiotics in children with URTIs in Saudi Arabia : development of the parental perception on antibiotics scale (PAPA scale). Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 3(1), pp. 3-10.

View at publisher


Background: Antibiotic overuse is influenced by several factors that can only be measured using a valid and reliable psychosocial measurement instrument. This study aims to establish translation and early stage validation of an instrument recently developed by this research team to measure factors influencing the overuse of antibiotics in children with upper respiratory tract infections in Saudi Arabia.

Method: The content evaluation panel was composed of area experts approached using the Delphi Technique. Experts were provided with the questionnaires iteratively, on a three-round basis until consensus on the relevance of items was reached independently. Translation was achieved by adapting Brislin’s model of translation.

Results: After going through the iterative process with the experts, consensus was reached to 58 items (including demographics). Experts also pointed out some issues related to ambiguity and redundancy in some items. A final Arabic version was produced from the translation process.

Conclusion: This study produced preliminary validation of the developed instrument from the experts’ contributions. Then, the instrument was translated from English to Arabic. The instrument will undergo further validation steps in the future, such as construct validity.

Impact and interest:

4 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

143 since deposited on 04 Apr 2013
12 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 58909
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Validity; Upper respiratory tract infections; Antibiotics overuse; Delphi Technique; Psychosocial; Measurement instrument; Saudi Arabia
DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005
ISSN: 2210-6006
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, [VOL 3, ISSUE 3, (2013)] DOI: 10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005
Deposited On: 04 Apr 2013 22:01
Last Modified: 06 May 2013 07:26

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page