Validation of the Educational Stress Scale for Adolescents (ESSA) in Vietnam

Truc, Thai Thanh, Loan, Kim Xuan, Nguyen, Nguyen Do, Dixon, Jason, Sun, Jiandong, & Dunne, Michael Patrick (2015) Validation of the Educational Stress Scale for Adolescents (ESSA) in Vietnam. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 27(2), NP2112-NP2121.

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To date, there has been little systematic, quantitative research on the links between academic pressure and mental health among adolescents in Asia, and none in Vietnam. In part, this is because of a lack of appropriate tools to measure this complex phenomenon. This study was to validate the Educational Stress Scale for Adolescents (ESSA), developed and tested in China, with the aim of fostering further research in Asia.


A total of 1283 students were recruited in 3 secondary schools and 3 high schools in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Anonymous, selfreport questionnaires included the ESSA and previously validated measures of mental health.


Among the 1226 questionnaires available, 54% of respondents were female. The mean age was 15.3 years. Students reported substantial study burden. The ESSA had good internal consistency, and factorial validity and concurrent validity were established.


The ESSA is a suitable measure for school-based mental health research in Asia.

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ID Code: 59038
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Adolescents, Educational Stress Scale, ESSA
DOI: 10.1177/1010539512440818
ISSN: 1010-5395
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Children & Youth Research Centre
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 APJPH
Deposited On: 11 Apr 2013 06:47
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2015 03:14

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