Numerical studies of load bearing LSF walls under realistic design fire conditions

Poologanathan, Keerthan, Ariyanayagam, Anthony Deloge, & Mahendran, Mahen (2013) Numerical studies of load bearing LSF walls under realistic design fire conditions. In Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation, CRC Press / Balkema, Cape Town, South Africa, pp. 1993-1998.

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Abstract

Fire safety of light gauge steel frame (LSF) stud walls is important in the design of buildings. Currently LSF walls are increasingly used in the building industry, and are usually made of cold-formed and thin-walled steel studs that are fire-protected by two layers of plasterboard on both sides. Many experimental and numerical studies have been undertaken to investigate the fire performance of load bearing LSF walls under standard fire conditions. However, the standard time-temperature curve does not represent the fire load present in typical residential and commercial buildings that include considerable amount of thermoplastic materials. Real building fires are unlikely to follow a standard time-temperature curve. However, only limited research has been undertaken to investigate the fire performance of load bearing LSF walls under realistic design fire conditions. Therefore in this research, finite element thermal models of the traditional LSF wall panels without cavity insulation and the new LSF composite wall panels were developed to simulate their fire performance under recently developed realistic design fire curves. Suitable thermal properties were proposed for plasterboards and insulations based on laboratory tests and literature review. The developed models were then validated by comparing their thermal performance results with available results from realistic design fire tests, and were later used in parametric studies. This paper presents the details of the developed finite element thermal models of load bearing LSF wall panels under realistic design fire time-temperature curves and the re-sults. It shows that finite element thermal models can be used to predict the fire performance of load bearing LSF walls with varying configurations of insulations and plasterboards under realistic design fires. Failure times of load bearing LSF walls were also predicted based on the results from finite element thermal analyses.

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ID Code: 59112
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Funders: ARC
Keywords: Numerical studies , Load bearing LSF walls , Realistic design fire conditions, Fire performance , Thermal properties , Plasterboards , Insulations
DOI: 10.1201/b15963-359
ISBN: 978-1-138-00061-2
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 (please consult the authors).
Deposited On: 16 Apr 2013 23:53
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2015 05:08

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