Sitting-time, physical activity and depressive symptoms in mid-aged women

van Uffelen, Jannique G.Z., van Gellecum, Yolanda R., Burton, Nicola, Peters, Geeske, Heesch, Kristiann, & Brown, Wendy J. (2013) Sitting-time, physical activity and depressive symptoms in mid-aged women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 45(3), pp. 276-281.

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Background: Associations between sitting-time and physical activity (PA) with depression are unclear.

Purpose: To examine concurrent and prospective associations between both sitting-time and PA with prevalent depressive symptoms in mid-aged Australian women.

Methods: Data were from 8,950 women, aged 50-55 years in 2001, who completed mail surveys in 2001, 2004, 2007 and 2010. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression questionnaire. Associations between sitting-time (≤4, >4-7, >7 hrs/day) and PA (none, some, meeting guidelines) with depressive symptoms (symptoms/no symptoms) were examined in 2011 in concurrent and lagged mixed effect logistic modeling. Both main effects and interaction models were developed.

Results: In main effects modeling, women who sat >7 hrs/day (OR 1.47, 95%CI 1.29-1.67) and women who did no PA (OR 1.99, 95%CI 1.75-2.27) were more likely to have depressive symptoms than women who sat ≤4 hrs/day and who met PA guidelines, respectively. In interaction modeling, the likelihood of depressive symptoms in women who sat >7 hrs/day and did no PA was triple that of women who sat ≤4 hrs/day and met PA guidelines (OR 2.96, 95%CI 2.37-3.69). In prospective main effects and interaction modeling, sitting-time was not associated with depressive symptoms, but women who did no PA were more likely than those who met PA guidelines to have future depressive symptoms (OR 1.26, 95%CI 1.08-1.47).

Conclusions: Increasing PA to a level commensurate with PA guidelines can alleviate current depression symptoms and prevent future symptoms in mid-aged women. Reducing sitting-time may ameliorate current symptoms.

Impact and interest:

18 citations in Scopus
17 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 59434
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: mental health, physical activity, prospective cohort, middle aged adults, depression
DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.04.009
ISSN: 1873-2607
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Deposited On: 29 Apr 2013 00:27
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2013 15:42

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