Composition and morphology of particle emissions from in-use aircraft during takeoff and landing

Mazaheri, Mandana, Bostrom, Thor E., Johnson, Graham R., & Morawska, Lidia (2013) Composition and morphology of particle emissions from in-use aircraft during takeoff and landing. Environmental Science and Technology, 47(10), pp. 5235-5242.

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Abstract

In order to provide realistic data for air pollution inventories and source apportionment at airports, the morphology and composition of ultrafine particles (UFP) in aircraft engine exhaust were measured and characterized. For this purpose, two independent measurement techniques were employed to collect emissions during normal takeoff and landing operations at Brisbane Airport, Australia. PM1 emissions in the airfield were collected on filters and analyzed using the particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) technique. Morphological and compositional analyses of individual ultrafine particles in aircraft plumes were performed on silicon nitride membrane grids using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) combined with energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX). TEM results showed that the deposited particles were in the range of 5 to 100 nm in diameter, had semisolid spherical shapes and were dominant in the nucleation mode (18 – 20 nm). The EDX analysis showed the main elements in the nucleation particles were C, O, S and Cl. The PIXE analysis of the airfield samples was generally in agreement with the EDX in detecting S, Cl, K, Fe and Si in the particles. The results of this study provide important scientific information on the toxicity of aircraft exhaust and their impact on local air quality.

Impact and interest:

12 citations in Scopus
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12 citations in Web of Science®

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46 since deposited on 29 Apr 2013
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ID Code: 59450
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Nucleation mode particles, aircraft exhaust emissions, landing and takeoff, TEM, PIXE
DOI: 10.1021/es3046058
ISSN: 0013-936X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES (040100) > Atmospheric Aerosols (040101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (050000) > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT (050200) > Environmental Monitoring (050206)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > OTHER ENGINEERING (099900) > Engineering not elsewhere classified (099999)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 29 Apr 2013 00:32
Last Modified: 08 May 2014 05:55

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