Compounding practices in Queensland : experiences and perceptions of pharmacists and pharmacy students

Lau, Esther TL, Jones, Anthea L, Kairuz, Therese, Nissen, Lisa, & Steadman, Kathryn J (2013) Compounding practices in Queensland : experiences and perceptions of pharmacists and pharmacy students. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 43(1), pp. 19-24.

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Abstract

Background: Changes in the roles of the contemporary pharmacist has seen a decline in the number and variety of extemporaneously compounded dosage forms. Pharmacy curricula reflect this change with a reduction in the emphasis on extemporaneous compounding practice.

Aim: To elicit information about extemporaneously compounded dosage forms and perceptions of compounding practice from pharmacists and pharmacy students.

Method: Self-administered surveys were mailed to 1063 pharmacists and offered online to 896 pharmacy undergraduates across the 4 years of a Bachelor of Pharmacy program in Queensland.

Results: 382 (36%) pharmacists and 455 (51%) students completed the survey. Most pharmacists (96%) reported compounding a product in the 12 months prior to the survey, particularly semi-solids (89%) and liquids (64%) for external use. Most pharmacies (> 96%) owned basic compounding equipment, such as a slab and spatula, mortar and pestle, and cylindrical/conical measures. Half of the pharmacies used mechanical rather than electronic balances. Students expressed greater confidence in their ability to use basic compounding equipment and to perform basic compounding tasks as they progressed through the 4-year degree course. Pharmacists’ views on students’ ability to compound basic products at the end of their degree were generally similar to the proportion of final-year students who reported they could confidently complete the task.

Conclusion: Despite a decline in extemporaneously compounded products in community pharmacy, pharmacy graduates need to be competent in compounding techniques.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 59463
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Compounding, Education, Pharmacy Practice, HERN
ISSN: 1445-937X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES (111500) > Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice (111503)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES (111500) > Pharmaceutical Sciences (111504)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Australia
Deposited On: 30 Apr 2013 05:42
Last Modified: 07 May 2013 04:17

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