Speech interference and transmission on residential balconies with road traffic noise

Naish, Daniel A., Tan, Andy C. C., & Demirbilek, F. Nur (2013) Speech interference and transmission on residential balconies with road traffic noise. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133(1), p. 210.

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Balcony acoustic treatments can mitigate the effects of community road traffic noise. To further investigate, a theoretical study into the effects of balcony acoustic treatment combinations on speech interference and transmission is conducted for various street geometries. Nine different balcony types are investigated using a combined specular and diffuse reflection computer model. Diffusion in the model is calculated using the radiosity technique. The balcony types include a standard balcony with or without a ceiling and with various combinations of parapet, ceiling absorption and ceiling shield. A total of 70 balcony and street geometrical configurations are analyzed with each balcony type, resulting in 630 scenarios. In each scenario the reverberation time, speech interference level (SIL) and speech transmission index (STI) are calculated. These indicators are compared to determine trends based on the effects of propagation path, inclusion of opposite buildings and difference with a reference position outside the balcony. The results demonstrate trends in SIL and STI with different balcony types. It is found that an acoustically treated balcony reduces speech interference. A parapet provides the largest improvement, followed by absorption on the ceiling. The largest reductions in speech interference arise when a combination of balcony acoustic treatments are applied.

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3 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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57 since deposited on 17 May 2013
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ID Code: 60050
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1121/1.4765075
ISSN: 0001-4966
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Acoustics and Noise Control (excl. Architectural Acoustics) (091301)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Architectural Science and Technology (incl. Acoustics Lighting Structure and Ecologically Sustainable Design) (120104)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Acoustical Society of America
Deposited On: 17 May 2013 04:59
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2013 02:51

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