A pre-treatment verification tool for IMRT based on EPID measurements and a GEANT4 back projection application

Fielding, Andrew L., Cornelius, Iwan, & Perera, Lakshal (2013) A pre-treatment verification tool for IMRT based on EPID measurements and a GEANT4 back projection application. In 2012 Engineering and Physical Sciences in Medicine Conference, 2-6th December, 2012, Jupiter's Casino, Gold Coast, Australia.

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Abstract

The aim of this work is to develop software that is capable of back projecting primary fluence images obtained from EPID measurements through phantom and patient geometries in order to calculate 3D dose distributions. In the first instance, we aim to develop a tool for pretreatment verification in IMRT. In our approach, a Geant4 application is used to back project primary fluence values from each EPID pixel towards the source. Each beam is considered to be polyenergetic, with a spectrum obtained from Monte Carlo calculations for the LINAC in question. At each step of the ray tracing process, the energy differential fluence is corrected for attenuation and beam divergence. Subsequently, the TERMA is calculated and accumulated to an energy differential 3D TERMA distribution. This distribution is then convolved with monoenergetic point spread kernels, thus generating energy differential 3D dose distributions. The resulting dose distributions are accumulated to yield the total dose distribution, which can then be used for pre-treatment verification of IMRT plans. Preliminary results were obtained for a test EPID image comprised of 100 9 100 pixels of unity fluence. Back projection of this field into a 30 cm9 30 cm 9 30 cm water phantom was performed, with TERMA distributions obtained in approximately 10 min (running on a single core of a 3 GHz processor). Point spread kernels for monoenergetic photons in water were calculated using a separate Geant4 application. Following convolution and summation, the resulting 3D dose distribution produced familiar build-up and penumbral features. In order to validate the dose model we will use EPID images recorded without any attenuating material in the beam for a number of MLC defined square fields. The dose distributions in water will be calculated and compared to TPS predictions.

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ID Code: 60086
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s13246-012-0168-7
ISSN: 1879-5447 (online) 0158-9938 (print)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine and Springer Netherlands
Deposited On: 19 May 2013 22:40
Last Modified: 19 May 2013 22:40

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