Calculation of dose kernels for radiotherapy applications using the GEANT 4 Monte Carlo toolkit

Fielding, Andrew L. & Cornelius, Iwan (2013) Calculation of dose kernels for radiotherapy applications using the GEANT 4 Monte Carlo toolkit. In 2012 Engineering and Physical Sciences in Medicine Conference, 2-6th December, 2012, Jupiter's Casino, Gold Coast, Australia.

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Abstract

Dose kernels may be used to calculate dose distributions in radiotherapy (as described by Ahnesjo et al., 1999). Their calculation requires use of Monte Carlo methods, usually by forcing interactions to occur at a point. The Geant4 Monte Carlo toolkit provides a capability to force interactions to occur in a particular volume. We have modified this capability and created a Geant4 application to calculate dose kernels in cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical scoring systems. The simulation considers monoenergetic photons incident at the origin of a 3 m x 3 x 9 3 m water volume. Photons interact via compton, photo-electric, pair production, and rayleigh scattering. By default, Geant4 models photon interactions by sampling a physical interaction length (PIL) for each process. The process returning the smallest PIL is then considered to occur. In order to force the interaction to occur within a given length, L_FIL, we scale each PIL according to the formula: PIL_forced = L_FIL 9 (1 - exp(-PIL/PILo)) where PILo is a constant. This ensures that the process occurs within L_FIL, whilst correctly modelling the relative probability of each process. Dose kernels were produced for an incident photon energy of 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 MeV. In order to benchmark the code, dose kernels were also calculated using the EGSnrc Edknrc user code. Identical scoring systems were used; namely, the collapsed cone approach of the Edknrc code. Relative dose difference images were then produced. Preliminary results demonstrate the ability of the Geant4 application to reproduce the shape of the dose kernels; median relative dose differences of 12.6, 5.75, and 12.6 % were found for an incident photon energy of 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 MeV respectively.

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ID Code: 60089
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s13246-012-0168-7
ISSN: 1879-5447 (online) 0158-9938 (print)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine and Springer Netherlands.
Deposited On: 19 May 2013 23:31
Last Modified: 22 May 2013 07:16

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