Theoretical study of two states reactivity of methane activation on iron atom and iron dimer

Sun, Qiao, Li, Zhen, Du, Aijun, Chen, Jiuling, Zhu, Zhonghua, & Smith, Sean C. (2012) Theoretical study of two states reactivity of methane activation on iron atom and iron dimer. Fuel, 96, pp. 291-297.

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Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been carried out to explore the catalytic activation of C–H bonds in methane by the iron atom, Fe, and the iron dimer, Fe2. For methane activation on an Fe atom, the calculations suggest that the activation of the first C–H bond is mediated via the triplet excited-state potential energy surface (PES), with initial excitation of Fe to the triplet state being necessary for the reaction to be energetically feasible. Compared with the breaking of the first C–H bond, the cleavage of the second C–H bond is predicted to involve a significantly higher barrier, which could explain experimental observations of the HFeCH3 complex rather than CH2FeH2 in the activation of methane by an Fe atom. For methane activation on an iron dimer, the cleavage of the first C–H bond is quite facile with a barrier only 11.2, 15.8 and 8.4 kcal/mol on the septet state energy surface at the B3LYP/6-311+G(2df,2dp), BPW91/6-311+G(2df,2dp) and M06/B3LYP level, respectively. Cleavage of the second C–H bond from HFe2CH3 involves a barrier calculated respectively as 18.0, 10.7 and 12.4 kcal/mol at the three levels. The results suggest that the elimination of hydrogen from the dihydrogen complex is a rate-determining step. Overall, our results indicate that the iron dimer Fe2 has a stronger catalytic effect on the activation of methane than the iron atom.

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13 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 60119
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.12.060
ISSN: 0016-2361
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 20 May 2013 22:54
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2017 15:01

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