Evaluation in health outcomes research : linking theories, methodologies and practice in health promotion.
Hepworth, Julie (1997) Evaluation in health outcomes research : linking theories, methodologies and practice in health promotion. Health Promotion International, 12(3), pp. 233-238.
Health outcomes research has developed as a means of evaluating the effectiveness of health care interventions and as an approach to informing resource allocation. The use of a health outcomes approach in health promotion has made increasing demands on evaluation methodologies to demonstrate program effectiveness. However, criticism of the contribution of health promotion to outcomes research has made several assumptions about the use of qualitative methodologies and the content of program objectives largely derived from a biomedical approach. In contrast to the measurement of biomedical interventions in clinical health care, health promotion practice involves social phenomena, wide-reaching cultural, psychological, political and ideological problems and issues. The integration of methodologies of health promotion evaluation will inform further conceptualisation of the health outcomes approach with the differentiation of three types of outcomes: health development outcomes; social health outcomes; and biomedical health outcomes. It is concluded that this differentiation moves away from dualist concepts that advocate the replacement of goals and targets with regional and locally based approaches. Rather, the future direction for health promotion evaluation needs to employ a framework that elaborates multiple methodologies and approaches necessary for establishing what relationships exist between morbidity, mortality, health advancement and equity.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||Articles free to read on journal website after 12 months|
|Keywords:||health outcomes research, practice, qualitative methodology, theory|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work|
|Deposited On:||26 May 2013 22:35|
|Last Modified:||29 Jan 2015 05:20|
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