Performance of elite seated discus throwers in F30s classes : part I: does whole body positioning matter?

Frossard, Laurent A., O'Riordan, Alison, & Smeathers, James (2013) Performance of elite seated discus throwers in F30s classes : part I: does whole body positioning matter? Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 37(3), pp. 183-191.

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Abstract

Background: Studies on the relationship between performance and design of the throwing frame have been limited and therefore require further investigation.

Objectives: The specific objectives were to provide benchmark information about performance and whole body positioning of male athletes in F30s classes.

Study Design: Descriptive analysis.

Methods: A total of 48 attempts performed by 12 stationary discus throwers in F33 and F34 classes during seated discus throwing event of 2002 International Paralympic Committee Athletics World Championships were analysed in this study. The whole body positioning included overall throwing posture (i.e. number of points of contact between the thrower and the frame, body position, throwing orientation and throwing side) and lower limb placements (i.e. seating arrangements, points of contact on the both feet, type of attachment of both legs and feet).

Results: Three (25%), five (42%), one (8%) and three (25%) athletes used from three to six points of contact, respectively. Seven (58%) and five (42%) athletes threw from a standing or a seated position, respectively. A straddle, a stool or a chair was used by six (50%), four (33%) or two (17%) throwers, respectively.

Conclusions: This study provides key information for a better understanding of the interaction between throwing technique of elite seated throwers and their throwing frame.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 60346
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Biomechanics, athletes with disability, paralympic sport, performance, seated throw, throwing technique, classification, throwing posture
DOI: 10.1177/0309364612458685
ISSN: 0309-3646
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Rehabilitation Engineering (090305)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Biomechanics (110601)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Sports Medicine (110604)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 16 Dec 2013 04:01
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2015 03:05

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