Characterisation of atmospheric deposited particles during a dust storm in urban areas of Eastern Australia
Gunawardena, Janaka, Ziyath, Abdul Mohamed, Bostrom, Thor E., Bekessy, Lambert K., Ayoko, Godwin A., Egodawatta, Prasanna, & Goonetilleke, Ashantha (2013) Characterisation of atmospheric deposited particles during a dust storm in urban areas of Eastern Australia. Science of the Total Environment, 461-462, pp. 72-80.
The characteristics of dust particles deposited during the 2009 dust storm in the Gold Coast and Brisbane regions of Australia are discussed in this paper. The study outcomes provide important knowledge in relation to the potential impacts of dust storm related pollution on ecosystem health in the context that the frequency of dust storms is predicted to increase due to anthropogenic desert surface modifications and climate change impacts. The investigated dust storm contributed a large fraction of fine particles to the environment with an increased amount of total suspended solids, compared to dry deposition under ambient conditions. Although the dust storm passed over forested areas, the organic carbon content in the dust was relatively low. The primary metals present in the dust storm deposition were aluminium, iron and manganese, which are common soil minerals in Australia. The dust storm deposition did not contain significant loads of nickel, cadmium, copper and lead, which are commonly present in the urban environment. Furthermore, the comparison between the ambient and dust storm chromium and zinc loads suggested that these metals were contributed to the dust storm by local anthropogenic sources. The potential ecosystem health impacts of the 2009 dust storm include, increased fine solids deposition on ground surfaces resulting in an enhanced capacity to adsorb toxic pollutants as well as increased aluminium, iron and manganese loads. In contrast, the ecosystem health impacts related to organic carbon and other metals from dust storm atmospheric deposition are not considered to be significant.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Atmospheric deposition, Back trajectory analysis, Dust storm, Ecosystem health, Lake Eyre, Stormwater quality|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Water Quality Engineering (090508)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 Elsevier.|
|Deposited On:||05 Jun 2013 06:49|
|Last Modified:||02 Sep 2015 20:39|
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