Review of current fire design rules for cold-formed steel wall systems

Gunalan, Shanmuganathan & Mahendran, Mahen (2014) Review of current fire design rules for cold-formed steel wall systems. Journal of Fire Sciences, 32(1), pp. 3-34.

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Light gauge steel frame wall systems are commonly used in industrial and commercial buildings, and there is a need for simple fire design rules to predict their load capacities and fire resistance ratings. During fire events, the light gauge steel frame wall studs are subjected to non-uniform temperature distributions that cause thermal bowing, neutral axis shift and magnification effects and thus resulting in a combined axial compression and bending action on the studs. In this research, a series of full-scale fire tests was conducted first to evaluate the performance of light gauge steel frame wall systems with eight different wall configurations under standard fire conditions. Finite element models of light gauge steel frame walls were then developed, analysed under transient and steady-state conditions and validated using full-scale fire tests. Using the results from fire tests and finite element analyses, a detailed investigation was undertaken into the prediction of axial compression strength and failure times of light gauge steel frame wall studs in standard fires using the available fire design rules based on Australian, American and European standards. The results from both fire tests and finite element analyses were used to investigate the ability of these fire design rules to include the complex effects of non-uniform temperature distributions and their accuracy in predicting the axial compression strength of wall studs and the failure times. Suitable modifications were then proposed to the fire design rules. This article presents the details of this investigation on the fire design rules of light gauge steel frame walls and the results.

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ID Code: 60675
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Fire design rules, light gauge steel frame walls, thin-walled steel studs, thermal bowing, neutral axis shift, load ratio, steel studs
DOI: 10.1177/0734904113488336
ISSN: 1530-8049
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 11 Jun 2013 02:06
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2014 22:06

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