Do RNA viruses require genome cyclisation for replication?

Lott, William B. & Doran, Michael R. (2013) Do RNA viruses require genome cyclisation for replication? Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 38(7), pp. 350-355.

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Abstract

Complementary sequences at the 5′ and 3′ ends of the dengue virus RNA genome are essential for viral replication, and are believed to cyclise the genome through long-range base pairing in cis. Although consistent with evidence in the literature, this view neglects possible biologically active multimeric forms that are equally consistent with the data. Here, we propose alternative multimeric structures, and suggest that multigenome noncovalent concatemers are more likely to exist under cellular conditions than single cyclised monomers. Concatemers provide a plausible mechanism for the dengue virus to overcome the single-stranded (+)-sense RNA virus dilemma, and can potentially assist genome transport from the virus-induced vesicles into the cytosol.

Impact and interest:

4 citations in Scopus
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4 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 60782
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Dengue, cyclisation, replication
DOI: 10.1016/j.tibs.2013.04.005
ISSN: 0968-0004
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > GENETICS (060400) > Genome Structure and Regulation (060407)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > MICROBIOLOGY (060500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > MICROBIOLOGY (060500) > Virology (060506)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Elsevier
Deposited On: 13 Jun 2013 23:26
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2013 23:17

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