Differences in Epidural and Analgesic Use in Patients with Apparent Stage I Endometrial Cancer treated by open versus laparoscopic surgery: results from the randomised LACE trial

Baker, Jannah, Janda, Monika, Belavy, David, & Obermair, Andreas (2013) Differences in Epidural and Analgesic Use in Patients with Apparent Stage I Endometrial Cancer treated by open versus laparoscopic surgery: results from the randomised LACE trial. Minimally Invasive Surgery, 2013, pp. 1-5.

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Abstract

Objectives: We compared post-operative analgesic requirements between women with early stage endometrial cancer treated by total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) or total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH).

Methods: 760 patients with apparent stage I endometrial cancer were treated in the international, multicentre, prospective randomised trial (LACE) by TAH (n=353) or TLH (n=407) (2005-2010). Epidural, opioid and non-opioid analgesic requirements were collected until ten months after surgery.

Results: Baseline demographics and analgesic use were comparable between treatment arms. TAH patients were more likely to receive epidural analgesia than TLH patients (33% vs 0.5%, p<0.001) during the early postoperative phase. Although opioid use was comparable in the TAH vs TLH groups during postoperative 0-2 days (99.7% vs 98.5%, p 0.09), a significantly higher proportion of TAH patients required opioids 3-5 days (70% vs 22%, p<0.0001), 6-14 days (35% vs 15%, p<0.0001), and 15-60 days (15% vs 9%, p 0.02) post-surgery. Mean pain scores were significantly higher in the TAH versus TLH group one (2.48 vs 1.62, p<0.0001) and four weeks (0.89 vs 0.63, p 0.01) following surgery.

Conclusion: Treatment of early stage endometrial cancer with TLH is associated with less frequent use of epidural, lower post-operative opioid requirements and better pain scores than TAH.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 61330
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: endometrial cancer , abdominal hysterectomy , laparoscopic hysterectomy , surgery
DOI: 10.1155/2013/764329
ISSN: 2090-1445
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Surgery (110323)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2013 02:44
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2013 10:07

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