Vision-based place recognition : how low can you go?

Milford, Michael (2013) Vision-based place recognition : how low can you go? The International Journal of Robotics Research, 32(7), pp. 766-789.

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In this paper we use the algorithm SeqSLAM to address the question, how little and what quality of visual information is needed to localize along a familiar route? We conduct a comprehensive investigation of place recognition performance on seven datasets while varying image resolution (primarily 1 to 512 pixel images), pixel bit depth, field of view, motion blur, image compression and matching sequence length. Results confirm that place recognition using single images or short image sequences is poor, but improves to match or exceed current benchmarks as the matching sequence length increases. We then present place recognition results from two experiments where low-quality imagery is directly caused by sensor limitations; in one, place recognition is achieved along an unlit mountain road by using noisy, long-exposure blurred images, and in the other, two single pixel light sensors are used to localize in an indoor environment. We also show failure modes caused by pose variance and sequence aliasing, and discuss ways in which they may be overcome. By showing how place recognition along a route is feasible even with severely degraded image sequences, we hope to provoke a re-examination of how we develop and test future localization and mapping systems.

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33 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 61609
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Place recognition, SeqSLAM, low resolution, vision-based place recognition, vision
DOI: 10.1177/0278364913490323
ISSN: 0278-3649
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Control Systems Robotics and Automation (090602)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: © The Author 2013
Deposited On: 01 Aug 2013 04:28
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2016 01:13

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