The ability of YSR DSM-oriented depression scales to predict DSM-IV depression in young adults : a longitudinal study
Dingle, Kaeleen D., Alati, Rosa, Williams, Gail M., Najman, Jake M., Bor, William, & Clavarino, Alexandra (2010) The ability of YSR DSM-oriented depression scales to predict DSM-IV depression in young adults : a longitudinal study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 121(1-2), pp. 45-51.
Background The Achenbach child behaviour checklist (CBCL/YSR) is a widely used screening tool for affective problems. Several studies report good association between the checklists and psychiatric diagnoses; although with varying degrees of agreement. Most are cross-sectional studies involving adolescents referred to mental health services. This paper aims to evaluate the performance of the youth self report (YSR) empirical and DSM-oriented internalising scales in predicting later depressive disorders in young adults.
Methods Sample was 2431 young adults from an Australian birth cohort study. The strength of association between the empirical and DSM-oriented scales assessed at 14 and 21 years and structured-interview derived depression in young adulthood (18 to 22 years) were tested using odds ratios, ROC analyses and related diagnostic efficiency tests (sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values).
Results Adolescents with internalising symptoms were twice (OR 2.3, 95%CI 1.7 to 3.1) as likely to be diagnosed with DSM-IV depression by age 21. Use of DSM-oriented depressive scales did not improve the concordance between the internalising behaviour and DSM-IV diagnosed depression at age 14 (ORs ranged from 1.9 to 2.5). Limitations
Some loss to follow-up over the 7-year gap between the two waves of follow-up.
Conclusion DSM-oriented scales perform no better than the standard internalising or anxious/depressed scales in identifying young adults with later DSM-IV depressive disorder.
Impact and interest:
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Youth, Depression, YSR, YASR, DSM-IV , Sensitivity and specificity|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Epidemiology (111706)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Mental Health (111714)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
|Deposited On:||02 Aug 2013 00:46|
|Last Modified:||09 Apr 2014 12:21|
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