Adsorbed paranitrophenol on HDTMAB organoclay - A TEM and Infrared spectroscopic study

Frost, Ray L., Zhou, Qin, He, Hongping, Xi, Yunfei, & Liu, Hongwei (2007) Adsorbed paranitrophenol on HDTMAB organoclay - A TEM and Infrared spectroscopic study. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 307(2), pp. 357-363.

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Paranitrophenol adsorbed on hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide modified montmorillonite has been studied using a combination of X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Upon formation of the organoclay, the properties change from hydrophilic to hydrophobic. It is proposed that paranitrophenol is adsorbed on to the water in the cation hydration sphere of the organoclay. As the cation is replaced by the surfactant molecules the paranitrophenol replaces the surfactant molecules in the clay interlayer. Significant changes in the water vibrations occur in this process. Bands attributed to CH stretching and bending vibrations in general decrease as the concentration of the surfactant (CEC) up to 1.0 CEC. After this concentration the bands increase approaching a value the same as that of the surfactant. Strong changes occur in the HCH deformation modes of the methyl groups of the surfactant. These changes are attributed to the methyl groups locking into the siloxane surface of the montmorillonite. Such a concept is supported by changes in the SiO stretching bands of the montmorillonite siloxane surface. This study demonstrates that paranitrophenol will penetrate into the untreated clay interlayer and replace the intercalated surfactant in surfactant modified clay, resulting in the change of the arrangement of the intercalated surfactant.

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ID Code: 6196
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: The study of organoclays is important as such materials can be sued for water purification especially for the adsorption of organic molecules from potable water.
Keywords: adsorption, intercalation, montmorillonite, organo, clay, infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, paranitrophenol
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2006.11.047
ISSN: 0021-9797
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 14 Feb 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:38

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