Carbon dioxide reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas over metal-supported catalysts: State of the art

Wang, Shaobin, Lu, G. Q. (Max), & Millar, Graeme J. (1996) Carbon dioxide reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas over metal-supported catalysts: State of the art. Energy & Fuels, 10(4), pp. 896-904.

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Carbon dioxide reforming of methane produces synthesis gas with a low hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio, which is desirable for many industrial synthesis processes. This reaction also has very important environmental implications since both methane and carbon dioxide contribute to the greenhouse effect. Converting these gases into a valuable feedstock may significantly reduce the atmospheric emissions of CO2 and CH4. In this paper, we present a comprehensive review on the thermodynamics, catalyst selection and activity, reaction mechanism, and kinetics of this important reaction. Recently, research has centered on the development of catalysts and the feasible applications of this reaction in industry. Group VIII metals supported on oxides are found to be effective for this reason. However, carbon deposition causing catalyst deactivation is the major problem inhibiting the industrial application of the CO2/CH4 reaction. Ni-based catalysts impregnated on certain supports show carbon-free operation and thus attract much attention. To develop an effective catalyst for CO2 reforming of CH4 and accelerate the commercial application of the reaction, the following are identified to be the most important areas for future work: (1) selection of metal and support and studying the effect of their interaction on catalyst activity; (2) the effect of different promoter on catalyst activity; (3) the reaction mechanism and kinetics; and (4) pilot reactor performance and scale-up operation.

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ID Code: 62045
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: carbon dioxide, dry reforming, nickel, catalyst, review
DOI: 10.1021/ef950227t
ISSN: 1520-5029
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Catalysis and Mechanisms of Reactions (030601)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 26 Aug 2013 00:48
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2013 00:48

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