A comparative study on pyrolysis for liquid oil from different biomass solid wastes

Islam, Mohammad Nurul , Joardder, Mohammad Uzzal Hossain, Hoque, S.M. Nazmul, & Uddin, Md. Shazib (2013) A comparative study on pyrolysis for liquid oil from different biomass solid wastes. Procedia Engineering, 56, pp. 643-649.

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Abstract

Locally available different bbiomass solid wastes, pine seed, date seed, plum seed, nutshell, hay of catkin, rice husk, jute stick, saw-dust, wheat straw and linseed residue in the particle form have been pyrolyzed in laboratory scale fixed bed reactor. The products obtained are pyrolysis oil, solid char and gas. The oil and char are collected while the gas is flared into atmosphere. The variation of oil yield for different biomass feedstock with reaction parameters like, reactor bed temperature, feed size and running time is presented in a comparative way in the paper. A maximum liquid yield of 55 wt% of dry feedstock is obtained at an optimum temperature of 500 °C for a feed size of 300-600 μm with a running time of 55 min with nutshell as the feedstock while the minimum liquid yield is found to be 30 wt% of feedstock at an optimum temperature of 400 °C for a feed size of 2.36 mm with a running time of 65 min for linseed residue. A detailed study on the variation of product yields with reaction parameters is presented for the latest investigation with pine seed as the feedstock where a maximum liquid yield of 40 wt% of dry feedstock is obtained at an optimum temperature of 500 °C for a feed size of 2.36-2.76 mm with a running time of 120 min. The characterization of the pyrolysis oil is carried out and a comparison of some selected properties of the oil is presented. From the study it is exhibited that the biomass solid wastes have the potential to be converted into liquid oil as a source of renewable energy with some further upgrading of the products.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
2 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 62047
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Paper presented in the 5th BSME International Conference on Thermal Engineering
Keywords: Pyrolysis , biomass, renewable energy; , pyrolysis oil, characterization.
DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.172
ISSN: 1877-7058
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Energy Generation Conversion and Storage Engineering (091305)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Procedia Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Procedia Engineering, [VOL 56, (2013)] DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.172
Deposited On: 08 Sep 2013 23:04
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2013 21:38

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