Formation of polypyrrole and polythiophene within Cu2+- and H+-mordenite hosts studied by EPR and UV-VIS spectroscopy

McCann, Graham F., Millar, Graeme J., Bowmaker, Graham A., & Cooney, Ralph P. (1995) Formation of polypyrrole and polythiophene within Cu2+- and H+-mordenite hosts studied by EPR and UV-VIS spectroscopy. Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, 91(23), pp. 4321-4328.

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The reactions of pyrrole and thiophene monomers in copper-exchanged mordenite have been investigated using EPR and UV–VIS absorption spectroscopy. The EPR spectra show a decrease in the intensity of the Cu2+ signal and the appearance of a radical signal due to the formation of oxidatively coupled oligomeric and/or polymeric species in the zeolite host. The reaction ceases when ca. 50% of the copper has reacted and differences in the form of the residual Cu2+ signal between the thiophene and pyrrole reactions suggest a greater degree of penetration of the reaction into the zeolite host for pyrrole, in agreement with previous XPS measurements. The EPR signal intensities show that the average length of the polymer chain that is associated with each radical centre is 15–20 and 5–7 monomer units for polypyrrole and polythiophene, respectively. The widths of the EPR signals suggest that these are at least partly due to small oligomers.

The UV–VIS absorption spectra of the thiophene system show bands in three main regions: 2.8–3.0 eV (A), 2.3 eV (B) and 1.6–1.9 eV (D, E, F). Bands A and D–F occur in regions which have previously been observed for small oligomers, 4–6 monomer units in length. Band B is assigned to longer chain polythiophene molecules. We therefore conclude that the reaction between thiophene and copper-loaded mordenite produces a mixture of short oligomers together with some long chain polythiophene.

The UV–VIS spectra of the pyrrole system show bands in the regions 3.6 eV (A), 2.7–3.0 eV (B, C) and 1.5–1.9 eV (D, F). Assignments of these bands are less certain than for the thiophene case because of the lack of literature data on the spectra of pyrrole oligomers.

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ID Code: 62058
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: mordenite, zeolite, copper, polypyrrole, polythiophene
DOI: 10.1039/FT9959104321
ISSN: 1364-5455
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Catalysis and Mechanisms of Reactions (030601)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 25 Aug 2013 23:18
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2013 23:36

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