Urinary biomolecular indicators of exercise-induced over exertion injury
Sampson, Dayle Lorand (2013) Urinary biomolecular indicators of exercise-induced over exertion injury. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.
Poor health and injury represent major obstacles to the future economic security of Australia. The national economic cost of work-related injury is estimated at $57.5 billion p/a. Since exposure to high physical demands is a major risk factor for musculoskeletal injury, monitoring and managing such physical activity levels in workers is a potentially important injury prevention strategy. Current injury monitoring practices are inadequate for the provision of clinically valuable information about the tissue specific responses to physical exertion.
Injury of various soft tissue structures can manifest over time through accumulation of micro-trauma. Such micro-trauma has a propensity to increase the risk of acute injuries to soft-tissue structures such as muscle or tendon. As such, the capacity to monitor biomarkers that result from the disruption of these tissues offers a means of assisting the pre-emptive management of subclinical injury prior to acute failure or for evaluation of recovery processes.
Here we have adopted an in-vivo exercise induced muscle damage model allowing the application of laboratory controlled conditions to assist in uncovering biochemical indicators associated with soft-tissue trauma and recovery. Importantly, urine was utilised as the diagnostic medium since it is non-invasive to collect, more acceptable to workers and less costly to employers. Moreover, it is our hypothesis that exercise induced tissue degradation products enter the circulation and are subsequently filtered by the kidney and pass through to the urine.
To test this hypothesis a range of metabolomic and proteomic discovery-phase techniques were used, along with targeted approaches. Several small molecules relating to tissue damage were identified along with a series of skeletal muscle-specific protein fragments resulting from exercise induced soft-tissue damage. Each of the potential biomolecular markers appeared to be temporally present within urine. Moreover, the regulation of abundance seemed to be associated with functional recovery following the injury. This discovery may have important clinical applications for monitoring of a variety of inflammatory myopathies as well as novel applications in monitoring of the musculoskeletal health status of workers, professional athletes and/or military personnel to reduce the onset of potentially debilitating musculoskeletal injuries within these professions.
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|Item Type:||QUT Thesis (PhD)|
|Supervisor:||Parker, Tony & Hurst, Cameron|
|Additional Information:||An embargo of two years was granted by the faculty for this thesis.|
|Keywords:||biceps brachii, biomarker, chromatography, classification, data analysis, diagnostic, eccentric, exercise-induced injury, gene ontology, LG3, mass spectrometry, metabolomics, multivariate, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, partial least squares, proteomics, sarcomere, skeletal muscle, soft tissue damage, work related musculoskeletal disorders, Z-disc|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Institution:||Queensland University of Technology|
|Deposited On:||28 Aug 2013 01:47|
|Last Modified:||28 Aug 2016 14:00|
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