Write vs. type : tangible and situated media for situated engagement
Parra Agudelo, Leonardo, Caldwell, Glenda A., & Schroeter, Ronald (2013) Write vs. type : tangible and situated media for situated engagement. In Sugiyama, Kazuo (Ed.) Consilience and Innovation in Design Proceedings and Program, IASDR, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 4818-4829.
Digital media is often criticised for being intangible, transient and ephemeral. These characteristics limit the provision of long-lasting social experiences, as it is through the use of all our senses that we attach meaning to space, creating a sense of place. This paper presents a comparative study of the affordances of two design interventions, one tangible paper-based, called Print + Talk = Love (PTL), the other digital screen-based, called Discussions in Space (DIS). The emphasis is on a) how tangible media, such as paper, provides different and meaningful collective experiences, and b) how it can stand on its own as an interactive design intervention and as a comprehensive data-gathering tool in urban public places. By positioning PTL and DIS within the context of urban public places and testing their abilities to engage participants, we examine their particular situated engagement abilities through a mixed method approach. As a result, the digital aspects of DIS, e.g., using Twitter, extend the situated experience beyond the actual location of the intervention. Moreover, informing a hybrid approach, we also found that the physical aspects of PTL and its tangible presence, kept the user experience focused on the actual place and event surrounding the intervention.
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