Investigation of lymphotoxin α genetic variants in migraine

Oikari, Lotta E., Stuart, Shani, Okolicsanyi, Rachel K., Cox, Hannah C., Dixit, Sonum, Lea, Rod A., Haupt, Larisa M., & Griffiths, Lyn R. (2013) Investigation of lymphotoxin α genetic variants in migraine. Gene, 512(2), pp. 527-531.

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Migraine is a common neurological disease with a genetic basis affecting approximately 12% of the population. Pain during a migraine attack is associated with activation of the trigeminal nerve system, which carries pain signals from the meninges and the blood vessels infusing the meninges to the trigeminal nucleus in the brain stem. The release of inflammatory mediators following cortical spreading depression (CSD) may further promote and sustain the activation and sensitization of meningeal nociceptors, inducing the persistent throbbing headache characterised in migraine. Lymphotoxin α (LTA) is a cytokine secreted by lymphocytes and is a member of the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) family. Genetic variation with the TNF and LTA genes may contribute to threshold brain excitability, propagation of neuronal hyperexcitability and thus initiation and maintenance of a migraine attack. Three LTA variants rs2009658, rs2844482 and rs2229094 were identified in a recent pGWAS study conducted in the Norfolk Island population as being potentially implicated in migraine with nominally significant p values of p = 0.0093, p = 0.0088 and p = 0.033 respectively. To determine whether these SNPs played a role in migraine in a general outbred population these SNPs were gentoyped in a large case control Australian Caucasian population and tested for association with migraine. All three SNPs showed no association in our cohort (p > 0.05). Validation of GWAS data in independent case-controls cohorts is essential to establish risk validity within specific population groups. The importance of cytokines in modulating neural inflammation and pain threshold in addition to other studies showing associations between TNF-α and SNPs in the LTA gene with migraine, suggests that LTA could be an important factor contributing to migraine. Although the present study did not support a role for the tested LTA variants in migraine, investigation of other variants within the LTA gene is still warranted.

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ID Code: 62435
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Lymphotoxin α, Migraine, Cytokines, Sterile inflammation, Tumor necrosis factor α
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.09.116
ISSN: 0378-1119
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Gene. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Gene, [VOL 512, ISSUE 2, (2013)] DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.09.116
Deposited On: 12 Sep 2013 04:38
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2016 06:41

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