Association of the NuMA region on chromosome 11q13 with breast cancer susceptibility

Kammerer, Stefan, Roth, Richard B., Hoyal, Carolyn R., Reneland, Richard, Marmellos, George, Kiechle, Marion, Scwarz-Boeger, Ulrike, Griffiths, Lyn R., Ebner, Florian, Rehbock, Joachim, Cantor, Charles C., Nelson, Matthew R., & Braun, Andreas (2005) Association of the NuMA region on chromosome 11q13 with breast cancer susceptibility. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(6), pp. 2004-2009.

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The development of breast cancer is a complex process that involves multiple genes at many stages, from initial cell cycle dysregulation to disease progression. To identify genetic variations that influence this process, we conducted a large-scale association study using a collection of German cases and controls and >25,000 SNPs located within 16,000 genes. One of the loci identified was located on chromosome 11q13 [odds ratio (OR)=1.85, P=0.017]. The initial association was subsequently tested in two independent breast cancer collections. In both sample sets, the frequency of the susceptibility allele was increased in the cases (OR=1.6, P=0.01). The susceptibility allele was also associated with an increase in cancer family history (P=0.1). Fine mapping showed that the region of association extends approximately 300 kb and spans several genes, including the gene encoding the nuclear mitotic apparatus protein (NuMA). A nonsynonymous SNP (A794G) in NuMA was identified that showed a stronger association with breast cancer risk than the initial marker SNP (OR=2.8, P=0.005 initial sample; OR=2.1, P=0.002 combined). NuMA is a cell cycle-related protein essential for normal mitosis that is degraded in early apoptosis. NuMA-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion proteins have been described in acute promyelocytic leukemia. Although the potential functional relevance of the A794G variation requires further biological validation, we conclude that variations in the NuMA gene are likely responsible for the observed increased breast cancer risk.

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ID Code: 62733
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0409806102
ISSN: 1091-6490
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 National Academy of Sciences
Deposited On: 20 Sep 2013 02:44
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2015 02:10

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