Association and linkage analyses of restriction fragment length polymorphisms for the human renin and antithrombin III genes in essential hypertension

Zee, R. Y., Ying, L.-H., Morris, B. J., & Griffiths, Lyn R. (1991) Association and linkage analyses of restriction fragment length polymorphisms for the human renin and antithrombin III genes in essential hypertension. Journal of Hypertension, 9(9), pp. 825-830.

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Abstract

Essential hypertension is a highly hereditable disorder in which genetic influences predominate over environmental factors. The molecular genetic profiles which predispose to essential hypertension are not known. In rats with genetic hypertension, there is some recent evidence pointing to linkage of renin gene alleles with blood pressure. The genes for renin and antithrombin III belong to a conserved synteny group which, in humans, spans the q21.3-32.3 region of chromosome I and, in rats, is linkage group X on chromosome 13. The present study examined the association of particular human renin gene (REN) and antithrombin III gene (AT3) polymorphisms with essential hypertension by comparing the frequency of specific alleles for each of these genes in 50 hypertensive offspring of hypertensive parents and 91 normotensive offspring of normotensive parents. In addition, linkage relationships were examined in hypertensive pedigrees with multiple affected individuals. Alleles of a REN HindIII restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were detected using a genomic clone, λHR5, to probe Southern blots of HindIII-cut leucocyte DNA, and those for an AT3 Pstl RFLP were detected by phATIII 113 complementary DNA probe. The frequencies of each REN allele in the hypertensive group were 0.76 and 0.24 compared with 0.74 and 0.26 in the normotensive group. For AT3, hypertensive allele frequencies were 0.49 and 0.51 compared with normotensive values of 0.54 and 0.46. These differences were not significant by χ2 analysis (P > 0.2). Linkage analysis of a family (data from 16 family members, 10 of whom were hypertensive), informative for both markers, without an age-of-onset correction, and assuming dominant inheritance of hypertension, complete penetrance and a disease frequency of 20%, did not indicate linkage of REN with hypertension, but gave a positive, although not significant, logarithm of the odds for linkage score of 0.784 at a recombination fraction of 0 for AT3 linkage to hypertension. In conclusion, the present study could find no evidence for an association of a REN HindIII RFLP with essential hypertension or for a linkage of the locus defined by this RFLP in a family segregating for hypertension. In the case of an AT3 Pstl RFLP, although association analysis was negative, linkage analysis suggested possible involvement (odds of 6:1 in favour) of a gene located near the 1q23 locus with hypertension in one informative family.

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ID Code: 63201
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: 1685742
Keywords: antithrombin, renin, adult, aged, allele, article, chromosome 1, clone, controlled study, dna polymorphism, female, gene, genetic linkage, genetic recombination, hereditary hypertension, human, hypertension, major clinical study, male, morbidity, restriction fragment length polymorphism, southern blotting, Adult, Aged, Antithrombin III, Autoradiography, Female, Genotype, Human, Hypertension, Linkage (Genetics), Male, Middle Age, Pedigree, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Renin, Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
ISSN: 0263-6352
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1991 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Ltd.
Deposited On: 08 Oct 2013 04:18
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2013 04:18

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