The use of an electrostatic lens to enhance the efficiency of the electrospinning process

Vaquette, Cedryck & Cooper-White, Justin (2012) The use of an electrostatic lens to enhance the efficiency of the electrospinning process. Cell and Tissue Research, 347(3), pp. 815-826.

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Abstract

Electrospun scaffolds manufactured using conventional electrospinning configurations have an intrinsic thickness limitation, due to a charge build-up at the collector. To overcome this limitation, an electrostatic lens has been developed that, at the same relative rate of deposition, focuses the polymer jet onto a smaller area of the collector, resulting in the fabrication of thick scaffolds within a shorter period of time. We also observed that a longer deposition time (up to 13 h, without the intervention of the operator) could be achieved when the electrostatic lens was utilised, compared to 9–10 h with a conventional processing set-up and also showed that fibre fusion was less likely to occur in the modified method. This had a significant impact on the mechanical properties, as the scaffolds obtained with the conventional process had a higher elastic modulus and ultimate stress and strain at short times. However, as the thickness of the scaffolds produced by the conventional electrospinning process increased, a 3-fold decrease in the mechanical properties was observed. This was in contrast to the modified method, which showed a continual increase in mechanical properties, with the properties of the scaffold finally having similar mechanical properties to the scaffolds obtained via the conventional process at longer times. This “focusing” device thus enabled the fabrication of thicker 3-dimensional electrospun scaffolds (of thicknesses up to 3.5 mm), representing an important step towards the production of scaffolds for tissue engineering large defect sites in a multitude of tissues.

Impact and interest:

11 citations in Scopus
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10 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 63352
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Polycaprolactone, Electrospinning, Tissue engineering, Electrostatic lens, Polymeric fibers
DOI: 10.1007/s00441-011-1318-z
ISSN: 0302-766X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 15 Oct 2013 00:29
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2013 05:16

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