First flush analysis in urban catchments
Alias, Noraliani, Egodawatta, Prasanna, & Goonetilleke, Ashantha (2013) First flush analysis in urban catchments. In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication, International Water Association, Beijing, China.
The effectiveness of structural elements employed for stormwater mitigation such as bioretention basins and constructed wetlands depend on the compatibility between their design specifications and actual stormwater quality and quantity characteristics. These structural elements are commonly designed to accommodate the initial portion of runoff considering the occurrence of first flush. Therefore, the effectiveness of stormwater quality treatment primarily depends on the in-depth knowledge of the first flush phenomenon and the ability to provide appropriate treatment. The current scientific knowledge relating to first flush is limited primarily due to research investigations being undertaken based on lumped rainfall and runoff parameters. This paper presents the outcomes of an in-depth study undertaken of the first flush phenomenon using a set of indicators which are not only innovative, but is also able to accurately represent the characteristics of the different sectors in a runoff hydrograph. The analysis undertaken confirmed that pollutant wash-off during the initial 10% of runoff volume was critical for the occurrence of first flush. Typically first flush was found to last up to 40% of the runoff volume. The study outcomes provide new knowledge to enhance the effectiveness of structural stormwater treatment measures.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||first flush, stormwater quality, stormwater pollutant processes, multivariate analysis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Water Quality Engineering (090508)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 International Water Association|
|Deposited On:||16 Oct 2013 06:05|
|Last Modified:||18 Aug 2014 03:00|
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