Ironless wheel motor for a direct drive vehicle application

Greaves, Matthew C., Simpson, Andrew G., Guymer, Ben D., Walker, Geoffrey R., & Finn, David A. (2003) Ironless wheel motor for a direct drive vehicle application. In Duke, R. (Ed.) Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, AUPEC'03, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.


An ironless motor for use as direct wheel drive is presented. The motor is intended for use in a lightweight (600kg), low drag, series hybrid commuter vehicle under development at The University of Queensland. The vehicle will utilise these ironless motors in each of its rear wheels, with each motor producing a peak torque output of 500Nm and a maximum rotational speed of 1500rpm. The axial flux motor consists of twin Ironless litz wire stators with a central magnetic ring and simplified Halbach magnet arrays on either side. A small amount of iron is used to support the outer Halbach arrays and to improve the peak magnetic flux density. Ducted air cooling is used to remove heat from the motor and will allow for a continuous torque rating of 250Nm.

Ironless machines have previously been shown to be effective in high speed, high frequency applications (+1000Hz). They are generally regarded as non-optimal for low speed applications as iron cores allow for better magnet utilisation and do not significantly increase the weight of a machine. However, ironless machines can also be seen to be effective in applications where the average torque requirement is much lower than the peak torque requirement such as in some vehicle drive applications. The low spinning losses in ironless machines are shown to result in very high energy throughput efficiency in a wide range of vehicle driving cycles.

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ID Code: 63572
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 [please consult the authors]
Deposited On: 15 Dec 2014 01:51
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2014 01:51

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