The experience of being an advanced practice nurse within Australian acute care settings : a systematic review of qualitative evidence

Ramis, Mary-Anne, Pearson, Alan, & Wu, Chiung-Jung (Jo) (2012) The experience of being an advanced practice nurse within Australian acute care settings : a systematic review of qualitative evidence. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports, 10(58).

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Abstract

Background

There is a vast amount of international literature which, although agreeing on the need for advanced practice nurse roles, simultaneously debates and discusses the difficulties with nomenclature, definition and subsequent implementation of such roles. Due to this ambiguity it is difficult to equally compare evidence in this field across different countries. A context-specific systematic review on the qualitative evidence of the experience of being an advanced practice nurse in Australia has not been undertaken previously, however it is imperative for nursing managers and leaders to understand the complexities of advanced nursing roles in order to effectively utilise and retain these experienced and valuable nurses. With the creation of a national nursing regulating authority in 2010, it is timely to explore in-depth the experience of being an advanced practice nurse from a national perspective.

Objective

To identify the experience of being an advanced practice nurse working in Australian acute care settings.

Inclusion criteria

-Types of participants Registered nurses working in advanced practice roles in acute care settings throughout Australia.

-Phenomena of interest The experience of being an advanced practice registered nurse working in an Australian acute care setting, as reported by the nurses themselves.

-Types of studies Interpretive qualitative studies including designs such as phenomenology, grounded theory and ethnography.

-Search strategy A three step search strategy was used to identify published and unpublished studies. The search process was conducted from August to October 2011 and considered published and unpublished studies from 1990 to October 2011.

-Methodological quality Studies were appraised for methodological quality by two independent reviewers using the Joanna Briggs Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument.

-Data extraction Data was extracted from the papers included in the review using the standardised Joanna Briggs Institute Qualitative Assessment and Review Instrument data extraction tool.

-Data synthesis Research findings were pooled using the Joanna Briggs Institute Qualitative Data and Review Instrument.

Results

Three published studies and one unpublished dissertation were included in the review. From these four studies, 216 findings were extracted, forming 18 categories which were then analysed to create six synthesised findings. Six meta-syntheses under the headings of expert knowledge, confidence, education, relationships, negative experiences and patient centred experience were formed from the findings.

Conclusions

The synthesised findings confirm that the experience of advanced practice nurses in Australian acute care settings is complex and greatly influenced personally and professionally by the organisation as well as the unpredictable nature of working with people.

Impact and interest:

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These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

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ID Code: 63714
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: systematic review, qualitative, advanced practice, clinical nurse consultant, clinical nurse specialist, nurse practitioner, Australia, acute care, hospital, expert nurse
ISSN: 2202-4433
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Clinical Nursing - Secondary (Acute Care) (111003)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Nursing not elsewhere classified (111099)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Deposited On: 19 Mar 2014 22:58
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2014 02:42

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