Are two threats worse than one? The effects of face race and emotional expression on fear conditioning

Bramwell, Shannon, Mallan, Kimberley M., & Lipp, Ottmar V. (2014) Are two threats worse than one? The effects of face race and emotional expression on fear conditioning. Psychophysiology, 51(2), pp. 152-158.

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Facial cues of racial outgroup or anger mediate fear learning that is resistant to extinction. Whether this resistance is potentiated if fear is conditioned to angry, other race faces has not been established. Two groups of Caucasian participants were conditioned with two happy and two angry face conditional stimuli (CSs). During acquisition, one happy and one angry face were paired with an aversive unconditional stimulus whereas the second happy and angry faces were presented alone. CS face race (Caucasian, African American) was varied between groups. During habituation, electrodermal responses were larger to angry faces regardless of race and declined less to other race faces. Extinction was immediate for Caucasian happy faces, delayed for angry faces regardless of race, and slowest for happy racial outgroup faces. Combining the facial cues of other race and anger does not enhance resistance to extinction of fear.

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5 citations in Scopus
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4 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 63721
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: race, emotion, face, threat
DOI: 10.1111/psyp.12155
ISSN: 0048-5772
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Children & Youth Research Centre
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Deposited On: 27 Oct 2013 23:05
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2015 06:06

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