Interactions between cars and motorcycles testing underlying concepts through integration of on-road and simulator studies

Lenne, Michael, Salmon, Paul M., Beanland, Vanessa, Walker, Guy, Underwood, Geoff, & Filtness, Ashleigh J. (2013) Interactions between cars and motorcycles testing underlying concepts through integration of on-road and simulator studies. In 7th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design, 17-20 June 2013, Bolton Landing, New York.


We conducted on-road and simulator studies to explore the mechanisms underpinning driver-rider crashes. In Study 1 the verbal protocols of 40 drivers and riders were assessed at intersections as part of a 15km on-road route in Melbourne. Network analysis of the verbal transcripts highlighted key differences in the situation awareness of drivers and riders at intersections. In a further study using a driving simulator we examined in car drivers the influence of acute exposure to motorcyclists. In a 15 min simulated drive, 40 drivers saw either no motorcycles or a high number of motorcycles in the surrounding traffic. In a subsequent 45-60 min drive, drivers were asked to detect motorcycles in traffic. The proportion of motorcycles was manipulated so that there was either a high (120) or low (6) number of motorcycles during the drive. Those drivers exposed to a high number of motorcycles were significantly faster at detecting motorcycles. Fundamentally, the incompatible situation awareness at intersections by drivers and riders underpins the conflicts. Study 2 offers some suggestion for a countermeasure here, although more research around schema and exposure training to support safer interactions is needed.

Impact and interest:

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

120 since deposited on 28 Oct 2013
19 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 63783
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: motorcyclists, driving simulation, drivers
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 [please consult the author]
Deposited On: 28 Oct 2013 23:56
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2013 04:52

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page