The impact of incidents on macroscopic fundamental diagram
Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (MFD) has been proved to exist in large urban road and freeway networks by theoretic method and real data in cities. However hysteresis and scatters have also been found existed both on motorway network and urban road. This paper investigates how the incident variables affect the scatter and shape of the MFD using both the simulated data and the real data collected from the Pacific Motorway M3 in Brisbane, Australia. Three key components of incident are investigated based on the simulated data: incident location, incident duration time and traffic demand. Results based on the simulated data indicate that MFD shape is a property not only of the network itself but also of the incident characteristics variables. MFDs for three types of real incidents (crash, hazard and breakdown) are explored separately. The results based on the empirical data are consistent with the simulated results. The hysteresis phenomenon occurs on both the upstream and the downstream of the incident location, but for opposite hysteresis loops. Gradient of the MFD for the upstream is more than that for the downstream on the incident site, when traffic demand is off peak.
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|Item Type:||Working Paper|
|Additional Information:||submitted to Proceedings of the ICE - Transport [published by Thomas Telford ] for publication|
|Keywords:||Traffic Engineering, Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram, Traffic Incident, Simulation Model, Motorway Network|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Current > Research Centres > Smart Transport Research Centre
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 The Author(s)|
|Deposited On:||29 Oct 2013 22:57|
|Last Modified:||31 Oct 2013 00:52|
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