Board age and gender diversity : a test of competing linear and curvilinear predictions
Ali, Muhammad, Ng, Yin Lu, & Kulik, Carol (2014) Board age and gender diversity : a test of competing linear and curvilinear predictions. Journal of Business Ethics, 125(3), pp. 497-512.
The inconsistent findings of past board diversity research demand a test of competing linear and curvilinear diversity–performance predictions. This research focuses on board age and gender diversity, and presents a positive linear prediction based on resource dependence theory, a negative linear prediction based on social identity theory, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear prediction based on the integration of resource dependence theory with social identity theory. The predictions were tested using archival data on 288 large organizations listed on the Australian Securities Exchange, with a 1-year time lag between diversity (age and gender) and performance (employee productivity and return on assets). The results indicate a positive linear relationship between gender diversity and employee productivity, a negative linear relationship between age diversity and return on assets, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear relationship between age diversity and return on assets. The findings provide additional evidence on the business case for board gender diversity and refine the business case for board age diversity.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Board Diversity, Age Diversity, Gender Diversity, Performance, Competing Predictions|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht|
|Copyright Statement:||The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-013-1930-9|
|Deposited On:||30 Oct 2013 22:20|
|Last Modified:||04 Jan 2016 08:18|
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