Board age and gender diversity : a test of competing linear and curvilinear predictions

Ali, Muhammad, Ng, Yin Lu, & Kulik, Carol (2014) Board age and gender diversity : a test of competing linear and curvilinear predictions. Journal of Business Ethics, 125(3), pp. 497-512.

View at publisher


The inconsistent findings of past board diversity research demand a test of competing linear and curvilinear diversity–performance predictions. This research focuses on board age and gender diversity, and presents a positive linear prediction based on resource dependence theory, a negative linear prediction based on social identity theory, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear prediction based on the integration of resource dependence theory with social identity theory. The predictions were tested using archival data on 288 large organizations listed on the Australian Securities Exchange, with a 1-year time lag between diversity (age and gender) and performance (employee productivity and return on assets). The results indicate a positive linear relationship between gender diversity and employee productivity, a negative linear relationship between age diversity and return on assets, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear relationship between age diversity and return on assets. The findings provide additional evidence on the business case for board gender diversity and refine the business case for board age diversity.

Impact and interest:

2 citations in Scopus
8 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

267 since deposited on 30 Oct 2013
195 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 63826
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Board Diversity, Age Diversity, Gender Diversity, Performance, Competing Predictions
DOI: 10.1007/s10551-013-1930-9
ISSN: 0167-4544
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT (150300) > Organisational Behaviour (150311)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via
Deposited On: 30 Oct 2013 22:20
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2016 08:18

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page