How Can Models of Motor Control Be Useful for Understanding Low Back Pain?
Reeves, N. Peter, Cholewicki, Jacek, Pearcy, Mark, & Parnianpour, Mohamad (2013) How Can Models of Motor Control Be Useful for Understanding Low Back Pain? In Hoges, Paul W., Cholewicki, Jacek, & van Dieën, Jaap H. (Eds.) Spinal Control: The Rehabilitation of Back Pain : State of the Art and Science. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, Edinburgh, pp. 187-193.
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Introduction. The purpose of this chapter is to address the question raised in the chapter title. Specifically, how can models of motor control help us understand low back pain (LBP)? There are several classes of models that have been used in the past for studying spinal loading, stability, and risk of injury (see Reeves and Cholewicki (2003) for a review of past modeling approaches), but for the purpose of this chapter we will focus primarily on models used to assess motor control and its effect on spine behavior.
This chapter consists of 4 sections. The first section discusses why a shift in modeling approaches is needed to study motor control issues. We will argue that the current approach for studying the spine system is limited and not well-suited for assessing motor control issues related to spine function and dysfunction. The second section will explore how models can be used to gain insight into how the central nervous system (CNS) controls the spine. This segues segue nicely into the next section that will address how models of motor control can be used in the diagnosis and treatment of LBP. Finally, the last section will deal with the issue of model verification and validity. This issue is important since modelling accuracy is critical for obtaining useful insight into the behavior of the system being studied.
This chapter is not intended to be a critical review of the literature, but instead intended to capture some of the discussion raised during the 2009 Spinal Control Symposium, with some elaboration on certain issues. Readers interested in more details are referred to the cited publications.
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