Rodent Models of Conditioned Fear: Behavioral Measures of Fear and Memory

McGuire, Jennifer L., Coyner, Jennifer L., & Johnson, Luke R. (2012) Rodent Models of Conditioned Fear: Behavioral Measures of Fear and Memory. In Szallasi, Arpad & Bíró, Tamás (Eds.) TRP Channels in Drug Discovery. Humana Press (Springer), New York, pp. 187-202.

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Abstract

Pavlovian fear conditioning is a robust technique for examining behavioral and cellular components of fear learning and memory. In fear conditioning, the subject learns to associate a previously neutral stimulus with an inherently noxious co-stimulus. The learned association is reflected in the subjects' behavior upon subsequent re-exposure to the previously neutral stimulus or the training environment. Using fear conditioning, investigators can obtain a large amount of data that describe multiple aspects of learning and memory. In a single test, researchers can evaluate functional integrity in fear circuitry, which is both well characterized and highly conserved across species. Additionally, the availability of sensitive and reliable automated scoring software makes fear conditioning amenable to high-throughput experimentation in the rodent model; thus, this model of learning and memory is particularly useful for pharmacological and toxicological screening. Due to the conserved nature of fear circuitry across species, data from Pavlovian fear conditioning are highly translatable to human models. We describe equipment and techniques needed to perform and analyze conditioned fear data. We provide two examples of fear conditioning experiments, one in rats and one in mice, and the types of data that can be collected in a single experiment. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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ID Code: 64168
Item Type: Book Chapter
Keywords: Amygdala - Associative learning - Memory - Stress - Fear - Pavlov - Autoscoring - Freezing - Conditioned stimulus - Unconditioned stimulus - Conditioned response
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-62703-095-3_11
ISBN: 978-1-62703-095-3
ISSN: 1940-6053
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NEUROSCIENCES (110900)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Springer
Deposited On: 07 Nov 2013 10:32
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2013 01:39

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