Localization of Mineralocorticoid Receptors at Mammalian Synapses
Valdes-Sosa, Pedro Antonio, Prager, Eric M., Brielmaier, Jennifer, Bergstrom, Hadley C., McGuire, Jennifer, & Johnson, Luke R. (2010) Localization of Mineralocorticoid Receptors at Mammalian Synapses. PLoS ONE, 5(12), e14344-e14344.
In the brain, membrane associated nongenomic steroid receptors can induce fast-acting responses to ion conductance and second messenger systems of neurons. Emerging data suggest that membrane associated glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors may directly regulate synaptic excitability during times of stress when adrenal hormones are elevated. As the key neuron signaling interface, the synapse is involved in learning and memory, including traumatic memories during times of stress. The lateral amygdala is a key site for synaptic plasticity underlying conditioned fear, which can both trigger and be coincident with the stress response. A large body of electrophysiological data shows rapid regulation of neuronal excitability by steroid hormone receptors. Despite the importance of these receptors, to date, only the glucocorticoid receptor has been anatomically localized to the membrane. We investigated the subcellular sites of mineralocorticoid receptors in the lateral amygdala of the Sprague-Dawley rat. Immunoblot analysis revealed the presence of mineralocorticoid receptors in the amygdala. Using electron microscopy, we found mineralocorticoid receptors expressed at both nuclear including: glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons and extra nuclear sites including: presynaptic terminals, neuronal dendrites, and dendritic spines. Importantly we also observed mineralocorticoid receptors at postsynaptic membrane densities of excitatory synapses. These data provide direct anatomical evidence supporting the concept that, at some synapses, synaptic transmission is regulated by mineralocorticoid receptors. Thus part of the stress signaling response in the brain is a direct modulation of the synapse itself by adrenal steroids.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||amygdaloid nucleus; animal cell; animal tissue; article; controlled study; dendritic spine; electron microscopy; GABAergic transmission; immunoblotting; male; memory; nerve cell excitability; nerve cell plasticity; neuromodulation; nonhuman; presynaptic p|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NEUROSCIENCES (110900)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
|Copyright Owner:||The authors|
|Copyright Statement:||This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Public Domain declaration which stipulates that, once placed in the public
domain, this work may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose.
|Deposited On:||07 Nov 2013 11:07|
|Last Modified:||22 Nov 2013 03:04|
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