Comparative study on the protective effects of Yinchenhao Decoction against liver injury induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate and carbon tetrachloride

Cao, Hong-xin, Sun, Hui, Jiang, Xin-gang, Lu, Haitao , Zhang, Guang-mei, Wang, Xi-jun, Sun, Wen-jun, Wu, Ze-ming, Wang, Ping, Liu, Lian, & Zhou, Jue (2009) Comparative study on the protective effects of Yinchenhao Decoction against liver injury induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate and carbon tetrachloride. Chinese Journal of Integrated Medicine, 15(3), pp. 204-209.

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OBJECTIVE: To optimize the animal model of liver injury that can properly represent the pathological characteristics of dampness-heat jaundice syndrome of traditional Chinese medicine.

METHODS: The liver injury in the model rat was induced by alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate (ANIT) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4) ) respectively, and the effects of Yinchenhao Decoction (, YCHD), a proved effective Chinese medical formula for treating the dampness-heat jaundice syndrome in clinic, on the two liver injury models were evaluated by analyzing the serum level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), asparate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), malondialchehyche (MDA), total bilirubin (T-BIL), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) as well as the ratio of liver weight to body weight. The experimental data were analyzed by principal component analytical method of pattern recognition.

RESULTS: The ratio of liver weight to body weight was significantly elevated in the ANIT and CCl(4) groups when compared with that in the normal control (P<0.01). The contents of ALT and T-BIL were significantly higher in the ANIT group than in the normal control (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the levels of AST, ALT and ALP were significantly elevated in CCl(4) group relative to those in the normal control P<0.01). In the YCHD group, the increase in AST, ALT and ALP levels was significantly reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01), but with no significant increase in serum T-BIL. In the CCl(4) intoxicated group, the MDA content was significantly increased and SOD, GSH-PX activities decreased significantly compared with those in the normal control group, respectively (P<0.01). The increase in MDA induced by CCl(4) was significantly reduced by YCHD P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: YCHD showed significant effects on preventing liver injury progression induced by CCl(4), and the closest or most suitable animal model for damp-heat jaundice syndrome may be the one induced by CCl(4).

Impact and interest:

6 citations in Scopus
6 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 64201
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: 1-Naphthylisothiocyanate/toxicity, Alanine Transaminase/blood, Alkaline Phosphatase/blood, Animals, *Annonaceae, Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood, Bilirubin/blood, Body Weight, Carbon Tetrachloride/toxicity, Disease Models, Animal, *Drug-Induced Liver Injury, Drugs, Chinese Herbal/*pharmacology, Glutathione/metabolism, Hepatocytes/drug effects/enzymology/pathology, Jaundice/chemically induced/drug therapy/pathology, Liver/*drug effects/enzymology/pathology, Liver Diseases/*drug therapy/pathology, Male, Malondialdehyde/metabolism, Organ Size, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
DOI: 10.1007/s11655-009-0204-y
ISSN: 1672-0415
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 10 Nov 2013 23:52
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2013 00:02

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