Electrocrystallization of phase I, CuTCNQ (TCNQ= 7, 7, 8, 8-tetracyanoquinodimethane), on indium tin oxide and boron-doped diamond electrodes

O'Mullane, Anthony P., Neufeld, Aaron K., Harris, Alexander R., & Bond, Alan M. (2006) Electrocrystallization of phase I, CuTCNQ (TCNQ= 7, 7, 8, 8-tetracyanoquinodimethane), on indium tin oxide and boron-doped diamond electrodes. Langmuir, 22(25), pp. 10499-10505.

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Abstract

The electrochemical reduction of TCNQ to TCNQ•- in acetonitrile in the presence of [Cu(MeCN)4]+ has been undertaken at boron-doped diamond (BDD) and indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes. The nucleation and growth process at BDD is similar to that reported previously at metal electrodes. At an ITO electrode, the electrocrystallization of more strongly adhered, larger, branched, needle-shaped phase I CuTCNQ crystals is detected under potential step conditions and also when the potential is cycled over the potential range of 0.7 to −0.1 V versus Ag/AgCl (3 M KCl). Video imaging can be used at optically transparent ITO electrodes to monitor the growth stage of the very large branched crystals formed during the course of electrochemical experiments. Both in situ video imaging and ex situ X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) data are consistent with the nucleation of CuTCNQ taking place at a discrete number of preferred sites on the ITO surface. At BDD electrodes, ex situ optical images show that the preferential growth of CuTCNQ occurs at the more highly conducting boron-rich areas of the electrode, within which there are preferred sites for CuTCNQ formation.

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24 citations in Scopus
25 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 64272
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Prior to commencement at QUT
DOI: 10.1021/la060408v
ISSN: 1520-5827
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 21 Nov 2013 02:51
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2013 22:00

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