Galvanic Replacement of Semiconductor Phase I CuTCNQ Microrods with KAuBr4 to Fabricate CuTCNQ/Au Nanocomposites with Photocatalytic Properties

Pearson, Andrew, O'Mullane, Anthony P., Bansal, Vipul, & Bhargava, Suresh K. (2011) Galvanic Replacement of Semiconductor Phase I CuTCNQ Microrods with KAuBr4 to Fabricate CuTCNQ/Au Nanocomposites with Photocatalytic Properties. Inorganic Chemistry, 50(5), pp. 1705-1712.

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In this study, the reaction of semiconductor microrods of phase I copper 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (CuTCNQ) with KAuBr4 in acetonitrile is reported. It was found that the reaction is redox in nature and proceeds via a galvanic replacement mechanism in which the surface of CuTCNQ is replaced with metallic gold nanoparticles. Given the slight solubility of CuTCNQ in acetonitrile, two competing reactions, namely CuTCNQ dissolution and the redox reaction with KAuBr4, were found to operate in parallel. An increase in the surface coverage of CuTCNQ microrods with gold nanoparticles occurred with an increased KAuBr4 concentration in acetonitrile, which also inhibited CuTCNQ dissolution. The reaction progress with time was monitored using UV−visible, FT-IR, and Raman spectroscopy as well as XRD and EDX analysis, and SEM imaging. The CuTCNQ/Au nanocomposites were investigated for their photocatalytic properties, wherein the destruction of Congo red, an organic dye, by simulated solar light was found dependent on the surface coverage of gold nanoparticles on the CuTCNQ microrods. This method of decorating CuTCNQ may open the possibility of modifying this and other metal-TCNQ charge transfer complexes with a host of other metals which may have significant applications.

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ID Code: 64295
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1021/ic1021752
ISSN: 0020-1669
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 19 Nov 2013 23:43
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2013 04:49

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