Creating gold nanoprisms directly on quartz crystal microbalance electrodes for mercury vapor sensing

Sabri, Y. M., Ippolito, S. J., O'Mullane, A. P., Tardio, J., Bansal, V., & Bhargava, S. K. (2011) Creating gold nanoprisms directly on quartz crystal microbalance electrodes for mercury vapor sensing. Nanotechnology, 22(30), p. 305501.

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A novel electrochemical route is used to form highly {111}-oriented and size-controlled Au nanoprisms directly onto the electrodes of quartz crystal microbalances (QCMs) which are subsequently used as mercury vapor sensors. The Au nanoprism loaded QCM sensors exhibited excellent response–concentration linearity with a response enhancement of up to ~ 800% over a non-modified sensor at an operating temperature of 28 °C. The increased surface area and atomic-scale features (step/defect sites) introduced during the growth of nanoprisms are thought to play a significant role in enhancing the sensing properties of the Au nanoprisms toward Hg vapor. The sensors are shown to have excellent Hg sensing capabilities in the concentration range of 0.123–1.27 ppmv (1.02–10.55 mg m − 3), with a detection limit of 2.4 ppbv (0.02 mg m − 3) toward Hg vapor when operating at 28 °C, and 17 ppbv (0.15 mg m − 3) at 89 °C, making them potentially useful for air monitoring applications or for monitoring the efficiency of Hg emission control systems in industries such as mining and waste incineration. The developed sensors exhibited excellent reversible behavior (sensor recovery) within 1 h periods, and crucially were also observed to have high selectivity toward Hg vapor in the presence of ethanol, ammonia and humidity, and excellent long-term stability over a 33 day operating period.

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13 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 64352
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/22/30/305501
ISSN: 0957-4484
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 18 Nov 2013 06:07
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2013 00:42

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