Development, implementation and evaluation of a cancer survivor self-management care plan

Yates, Patsy, McCarthy, Alexandra L., Anderson, Debra J., Salkield, Gayle, Skerman, Helen M., Walpole, Euan, Aguero, Claudia, & Mile, Elisabeth (2011) Development, implementation and evaluation of a cancer survivor self-management care plan. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 7(S4), pp. 149-150.

View at publisher

Abstract

Aim

There is a growing population of people with cancer who experience physiological and psychological effects that persist long after treatment is complete. Interventions that enhance survivors’ self-management abilities might help offset these effects. The aim of this pilot study was to develop, implement and evaluate interventions tailored to assist patients to manage post-treatment health issues effectively.

Method

In this pre-post intervention cohort study, participants were recruited on completion of cancer treatment. Participants recruited preimplementation, who received usual care, comprised the control group. Participants recruited later formed the intervention group. In the intervention group, the Cancer Care Coordinator developed an individualised, structured Cancer Survivor Self-management Care Plan. Participants were interviewed on completion of treatment (baseline) and at three months. Assessments concerned health needs (CaSUN), self-efficacy in adjusting and coping with cancer and health-related quality of life (FACIT-B or FACT-C). The impact of the intervention was determined by independent t-tests of change scores.

Results

The intervention (n = 32) and control groups (n = 35) were comparable on demographic and clinical characteristics. Sample mean age was 54 + 10 years. Cancer diagnoses were breast (82%) and colorectal (18%). Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) indicated improvement in the intervention group for: (a) functional well-being, from the FACIT, (Control: M = −0.69, SE = 0.91; Intervention: M = 3.04, SE = 1.13); and (b) self-efficacy in maintaining social relationships, (Control: M = −0.333, SE = 0.33; Intervention: M = 0.621, SE = 0.27). No significant differences were found in health needs, other subscales of quality of life, the extent and number of strategies used in coping and adjusting to cancer and in other domains of self-efficacy.

Conclusions

While the results should be interpreted with caution, due to the non-randomised nature of the study and the small sample size, they indicate the potential benefits of tailored self-management interventions warrant further investigation in this context.

Impact and interest:

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 64506
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Special Issue: COSA 38th 2011 Annual Scientific Meeting, 15-17 November 2011, Perth Convention and Exhibition Centre, WA, Australia
Keywords: self-management, care plan, intervention, cancer, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, self-management intervention
DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-7563.2011.01472.x
ISSN: 1743-7563
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Deposited On: 18 Nov 2013 23:00
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2013 04:32

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page