Estimating the burden of malignant neoplasm on village residents in a mountainous area [山区农村居民恶性肿瘤疾病负担的估计]

Sun, Jiandong, Zhao, HongJun, Xu, AiQiang, Liu, WeiDong, Wang, QunSheng, & Zhao, JianJun (2008) Estimating the burden of malignant neoplasm on village residents in a mountainous area [山区农村居民恶性肿瘤疾病负担的估计]. Chinese Journal of Health Statistics [中国卫生统计], 25(2), pp. 132-135.

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Abstract

Objective

To make a comprehensive estimation of the burden of malignant neoplasm on village residents in Linqu County by the means of DALY (Disability-adjusted life year).

Methods

DALYs, YLLs and YLDs were calculated following the procedures developed for the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study to ensure comparability, based on the cancer registration data of Linqu villages during 1998-2004, in order to measure the burden of various caners.

Results

All cancers were responsible for 20.00 DALYs for every thousand population in Linqu County (24.82 for men and 14.96 for women). 92.5% of the losses were due to premature death and 7.5% to disability. 31.5% of the DALYs happened among 45-59 age group. The top 10 cancers for DALYs were stomach cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, oesophagus cancer, leukemia,colon/rectum cancer, brain cancer, pancreas cancer, breast cancer and bone cancer in turn. Only stomach cancer, lung cancer and liver cancer together account for 69.3% of total DALYs due to malignant neoplasm. The burden of malignant neoplasm was on rising recent years.

Conclusions

The burden of disease of malignant neoplasm is mainly because of premature death. Stomach cancer, lung cancer and liver cancer lead to heavier burden than the global and national levels.

Abstract in Chinese

目的

应用伤残调整寿命年(DALY)对临朐县农村恶性肿瘤疾病负担进行评价.

方法

以1998~2004年临朐县农村肿瘤登记资料为基础,利用全球疾病负担研究中使用的专门公式计算恶性肿瘤的YLLs、YLDs和DALYs,以此评价各类恶性肿瘤的疾病负担.

结果

临朐农村每千人每年因恶性肿瘤造成20.0个DALYs损失(男性24.82,女性14.96),其中92.5%为早死所致,7.5%因残疾所致;恶性肿瘤主要导致45~59岁人群的DALYs损失,占31.5%;恶性肿瘤疾病负担前10位依次为胃癌、肺癌、肝癌、食道癌、白血病、肠癌、脑癌、胰腺癌、乳腺癌和骨癌,其中仅胃癌、肺癌和肝癌三大肿瘤DALYs就占全部肿瘤的69.3%;临朐县农村恶性肿瘤疾病负担有进一步上升的趋势.

结论

恶性肿瘤疾病负担主要由早死所致,胃癌、肺癌、肝癌等主要癌症疾病负担高于全球和中国区水平.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 64651
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Authors: 孙建东; 赵洪军; 徐爱强; 刘卫东; 王群生; 赵建军
Keywords: Malignant Neoplasm, Burden of Disease, Disability-adjusted Life Year, Years of Life Lost, Years with Disability, 恶性肿瘤, 疾病负担, 伤残调整寿命年, YLLs, YLDs
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1002-3674.2008.02.006
ISSN: 1002-3674
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 21 Nov 2013 02:17
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2013 04:46

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