Development of a children's acute cough specific quality of life questionnaire (Pac-Qol)

Anderson-James, S., Newcombe, P.A., Marchant, J.M., O'Grady, K.F., Acworth, J.P., Turner, C.T., & Chang, A.B. (2012) Development of a children's acute cough specific quality of life questionnaire (Pac-Qol). Respirology, 17(S1), p. 76.

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The high burden of parental concern in children with chronic cough has been well documented. Acute cough in children (lasting less than 2 weeks) also has a significant impact on families, reflected by the number of doctor visits for cough. Currently there is no validated acute cough specific quality of life (QOL) measure for children. The objective of this study is to develop and validate an acute cough specific QOL questionnaire (PAC-QOL) for paediatric use. Here we present our data on item selection.


Two independent focus groups were conducted to determine relevant items. Parents discussed the impact of their child’s current or previous episodes of acute cough on their child, themselves and their family functioning. Transcripts were analyzed to determine whether discussions had reached an item saturation point. Items were also compared against our previously validated parent-centred children’s chronic cough specific QOL questionnaire (PC-QOL), which was used as a model. The newly developed acute cough specific QOL questionnaire is designed to assess the level of frequency of parents’ feelings and worry related to their child’s acute cough, using a 24-h time-point reference.


Newly identified acute cough specific items include parental worry around whether or not they should take their child to a doctor or emergency department, and frequency of seeking assistance from friends and family.


While there are similarities between items identified for both acute and chronic cough, there are distinct features. Further data will be collected for item reduction and validation of this children’s acute cough specific QOL questionnaire.

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ID Code: 64691
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Special Issue: Abstracts of the Thoracic Society of Australia & New Zealand and the Australian & New Zealand Society of Respiratory Science 2012 Annual Scientific Meetings, 30 March-4 April 2012, National Convention Centre, Canberra, ACT
Keywords: cough, paediatrics, quality of life
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1843.2012.02143.x
ISSN: 1323-7799
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 25 Nov 2013 01:03
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 00:17

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