Respiratory illness during winter : a cohort study of urban children from temperate Australia

Lambert, S. B., O'Grady, K. F., Gabriel, S. H., & Nolan, T. M. (2005) Respiratory illness during winter : a cohort study of urban children from temperate Australia. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 41(3), pp. 125-129.

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Abstract

Objective: To examine the epidemiology and burden of respiratory illness during winter in urban children from temperate Australia.

Methods: We conducted a cohort study of healthy Melbourne children, aged from 12 to 71 months. Parents kept a daily respiratory symptom diary and recorded resource use when an influenza-like illness (ILI) occurred.

Results: One-hundred and eighteen children had 137 ILI episodes over 12 weeks for a rate of 0.53 ILI episodes per child-month (95% CI 0.44-0.61). Risk factors for ILI included younger age, fewer people residing in the household, structured exposure to other children outside the home, and a higher household income. Episodes had a mean duration of 10.4 days with 64 visits to a general practitioner (46.7 GP visits per 100 episodes), 27 antibiotic courses prescribed (19.7 antibiotic courses per 100 episodes), and three overnight hospitalizations (2.2 admissions per 100 episodes). Parents reported an average of 11.7 h excess time spent caring for a child per episode.

Conclusions: Respiratory illnesses are a common and largely neglected cause of illness in Australian children. Pathogen-specific data are required to better assess the likely impact of available and developing vaccines and other treatment options.

Impact and interest:

22 citations in Scopus
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17 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 64698
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: child, epidemiology, influenza, respiratory tract infections, viruses, syncytial virus, vaccine candidate, united-states, infections, live, influenza, infants, tract
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2005.00561.x
ISSN: 1034-4810
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 25 Nov 2013 00:33
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2013 02:53

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