Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis : public health implications of recent clusters in New South Wales and epidemiology of hospital admissions

Muscatello, D.J., O'Grady, K.F., Neville, K., & McAnulty, J. (2001) Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis : public health implications of recent clusters in New South Wales and epidemiology of hospital admissions. Epidemiology and Infection, 126(3), pp. 365-372.

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Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is an inflammatory kidney condition that can complicate Group A streptococcal infections. Two clusters of APSGN occurred recently in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; one in a rural town in December 1999 and the other in a Sydney suburb in January 2000. We interviewed carers of the affected children but found no common exposures except three of the Sydney cases were cousins in frequent contact. To assess the probability of these clusters occurring, we analysed hospital admissions for acute glomerulonephritis, as a proxy for APSGN in younger patients. The incidence of acute glomerulonephritis in NSW during 1989/90-1997/8 in residents aged under 20 years was 2(.)2/100000/year (95% CI 2(.)0-2(.)5). Incidence was highest in children aged 5-9 years, boys and Aboriginal children. We found no evidence for other clusters during that period. The recent clusters highlight the continued potential for unexpected future outbreaks of APSGN.

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ID Code: 64699
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: 482MK--
Times Cited:4--
Cited References Count:28--
Keywords: streptococcal acute glomerulonephritis, disease, children
ISSN: 0950-2688
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 Cambridge University Press
Deposited On: 26 Nov 2013 01:37
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2013 01:37

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