Lower respiratory infections in Australian Indigenous children

O'Grady, Kerry-Ann & Chang, Anne B. (2010) Lower respiratory infections in Australian Indigenous children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 46(9), pp. 461-465.

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Despite Australia being one of the wealthiest countries of the world, Australian Indigenous children have a health status and social circumstance comparable to developing countries. Indigenous infants have 10 times the mortality rate for respiratory conditions. The lower respiratory infection (LRI) rate in Australian Indigenous children is at least as high as that of children in developing countries; the frequency of hospitalisations of Indigenous infants is triple that of non-Indigenous Australian infants (201.7 vs. 62.6/1000, respectively). While Indigenous Australian children have many risk factors for LRIs described in developing countries, there is little specific data, and hence, evidence-based intervention points are yet to be identified. Efficacy of conjugate vaccines for common bacterial causes of pneumonia has been less marked in Indigenous children than that documented overseas. Gaps in the management and prevention of disease are glaring. Given the burden of LRI in Indigenous children and the association with long-term respiratory dysfunction, LRIs should be addressed as a matter of priority.

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14 citations in Scopus
12 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 64705
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: 652YZ--
Times Cited:1--
Cited References Count:30--
Keywords: infectious disease, general paediatrics, respiratory, suppurative lung-disease, alaska native children, aboriginal children, northern-territory, tract infection, bronchiectasis, intervention, communities, management, bronchitis
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01845.x
ISSN: 1034-4810
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Deposited On: 26 Nov 2013 00:57
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 00:24

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